Question: Draw and name the organic product of the following r…
Draw and name the organic product of the following reaction:
+ HNO H2SO4
Draw and name the organic product of the following reaction
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Concepts and reason In organic reactions, an electrophile is substituted in the aromatic system by replacing an atom (example: hydrogen) or group of atoms. This is called as an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. The electrophilic substitution of a nitro (NO2) group to the benzene ring with the help of a strong acid such as 2004 is known as a nitration reaction. IUPAC stands for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. The IUPAC nomenclature is a standardized method for naming the organic compounds. The IUPAC name consists of four parts namely the infix, root word, suffix, and prefix
FIRST STEP ALL STEPS ANSWER ONLY
Step 1 of 3 ^
Explanation Common mistakes Hint for next step
A nitronium ion is formed from the reaction of strong acids. The lone pair electron in the (-OH) group of nitric acid abstracts protons from sulfuric acid and forms a nitronium ion by cleaving a water molecule.
Step 2 of 3 4
Explanation Common mistakes Hint for next step The double bond in the benzene ring attacks the nitrogen atom in the nitronium ion (a strong electrophile) and breaks one (N=0) bond. To restore aromaticity, the carbocation in the benzene ring is stabilized by the loss of a proton.
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root name: benzene
Explanation Common mistakes
In the organic product, benzene ring (indicated in bold faced bond) contains only one substituent that is the nitro functional group (indicated with a dotted circle) and the prefix of the compound is nitro. Therefore, the IUPAC name for the organic product is nitrobenzene.