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Draw And Name The Organic Product Of The Following Reaction

Draw And Name The Organic Product Of The Following Reaction

Transcribed Text:
Question: Draw and name the organic product of the following r…
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Draw and name the organic product of the following reaction:
F
+ HNO H2SO4
H2SO4
+ HNO3
+ H2O
Draw and name the organic product of the following reaction
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General guidance
Concepts and reason In organic reactions, an electrophile is substituted in the aromatic system by replacing an atom (example: hydrogen) or group of atoms. This is called as an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. The electrophilic substitution of a nitro (NO2) group to the benzene ring with the help of a strong acid such as 2004 is known as a nitration reaction. IUPAC stands for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. The IUPAC nomenclature is a standardized method for naming the organic compounds. The IUPAC name consists of four parts namely the infix, root word, suffix, and prefix
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Step-by-step
FIRST STEP ALL STEPS ANSWER ONLY
Step 1 of 3 ^
z=
OH
Explanation Common mistakes Hint for next step
A nitronium ion is formed from the reaction of strong acids. The lone pair electron in the (-OH) group of nitric acid abstracts protons from sulfuric acid and forms a nitronium ion by cleaving a water molecule.
Step 2 of 3 4
deux-citante 03-5_0
NO2
Ne
Explanation Common mistakes Hint for next step The double bond in the benzene ring attacks the nitrogen atom in the nitronium ion (a strong electrophile) and breaks one (N=0) bond. To restore aromaticity, the carbocation in the benzene ring is stabilized by the loss of a proton.
Step 3 of 3 ^
NO2
root name: benzene
prefix: nitro
NO2
nitrobenzene
NO
H2SO4
+
HNO3
+ H2O
nitrobenzene
Explanation Common mistakes
In the organic product, benzene ring (indicated in bold faced bond) contains only one substituent that is the nitro functional group (indicated with a dotted circle) and the prefix of the compound is nitro. Therefore, the IUPAC name for the organic product is nitrobenzene.
Answer
NO2
H2SO4
+
HNO3
+
H2O
nitrobenzene

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